An Innovative platform designed for Behavioral Change Sept. 12, 2022, 12:55 p.m.
The world is coming out of the worst global health crisis in a century. In the aftermath of this unprecedented pandemic, we are seeing a massive drop in the health markers that are core to human wellness and happiness. Disconnection, stress, poor nutrition, lack of sleep and a more sedentary lifestyle, are all widespread and getting worse.
Behavior Change Effectiveness using Nutrition Apps in People with Chronic Disease: A Scoping Review July 25, 2022, 7:32 a.m.
The results suggest that mHealth apps involving nutrition can significantly improve health outcomes for people with chronic diseases. Tailoring nutrition apps for specific populations is recommended for effective behavior change and improvement of health outcomes. Additionally, some studies showed sustained health behavior change, and some showed a decline in the use of nutrition apps. These results indicate a need for further investigation on the sustainability of health behavior change effectiveness of disease-specific nutrition apps. Clinical Trial: NA
Rethinking insurance: how prevention is better than a claim July 25, 2022, 7:30 a.m.
Prevention has been an element of the insurance industry for centuries. In the aftermath of the Great Fire of London, the property insurers of the 17th century operated their own emergency services, as they sought to protect themselves as well as their clients. From burglar alarms on houses to wheel locks in cars, insurers have long urged clients to take more measures to avoid thefts that would result in claims.
No evidence for nudging after adjusting for publication bias July 23, 2022, 7:30 a.m.
Thaler and Sunstein’s “nudge” (1) has spawned a revolution in behavioral science research. Despite its popularity, the “nudge approach” has been criticized for having a “limited evidence base” (e.g., ref. 2). Mertens et al. (3) seek to address that limitation with a timely and comprehensive metaanalysis. Mertens et al.’s headline finding is that “choice architecture [nudging] is an effective and widely applicable behavior change tool” (p. 8). We propose their finding of “moderate publication bias” (p. 1) is the real headline; when this publication bias is appropriately corrected for, no evidence for the effectiveness of nudges remains (Fig. 1).
Why Humans Are Predictably Irrational Decision Makers July 11, 2022, 1:29 p.m.
It’s almost easy to assume that humans are reasonably rational creatures until you see a Black Friday video of stampeding people tussling over televisions. Even then, we can feel like it’s a bit of an us versus them situation. We’d never behave like that, surely!? Don’t get too smug just yet—the tendency to climb over your own grandmother to get to a bargain is kind of baked in to human behavior.
Twitter Could Take These Steps to Slow Viral Misinformation, Researchers Say June 30, 2022, 10:38 p.m.
Social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram and Twitter are rife with misinformation that can easily go viral. One study looked at millions of tweets and found that a handful of steps could be taken to slow the spread of false information on Twitter.
The effectiveness of a motivational enhancement smartphone application promoting lifestyle improvement for brain health June 30, 2022, 9:47 p.m.
An eight-week intervention with the smartphone application induced physical activity of moderate intensity through intrinsic motivation enhancement. We suggest that the motivation enhancement application could be an efficient option for maintaining and promoting psychosocial health behavior. This smartphone application can be applied to any other disease that needs behavioral change. Through the application, a broader spectrum of the population, regardless of time, space, and human resources, can benefit from community health services.
This Simple Nudge Can Get Students More Engaged in Online Courses – June 30, 2022, 9:30 p.m.
When Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) had been first launched a couple of decade in the past, many greater schooling professionals considered this new arrival as a gimmick. However, within the wake of the worldwide pandemic, many establishments and instructors had been pressured to modify their in-person programs to on-line codecs in a single day. This firsthand expertise taught many people that on-line studying is feasible. What is much less clear is how one can do it successfully.
La consommation responsable est un alibi de l’hyperconsommation June 27, 2022, 9:22 a.m.
Ils portent des baskets écoresponsables, mangent des œufs "qui ne tuent pas la poule" et se déplacent en vélo électrique. Dans son dernier livre, l'anthropologue Fanny Parise épingle les apôtres de la consommation responsable, des "enfants gâtés" qui perpétuent un système hyperconsumériste. Loin de la sobriété vers laquelle ils pensent tendre, ces consommateurs se bercent d'illusion et sont empêchés par l'emprise des "nouveaux sauvages", de sortir de cette dynamique. Entretien.
Can a psychological theory help us understand how we relate to God? June 20, 2022, 11:46 a.m.
When you think about your needs, what comes to mind? Naturally we think of food, water, and shelter. But what about your mental, emotional, and even spiritual needs? And what even qualifies as a need instead of a want?  
The global soda tax experiment May 16, 2022, 8:59 a.m.
The use of taxes to compel people to make healthier choices has a long history with tobacco and alcohol, which are taxed by nearly every country in the world. “There’s decades of work now on tobacco, hundreds of studies from around the world, showing that if you raise prices you induce adults to quit smoking and prevent kids from taking it up,” says Frank Chaloupka, an economist at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Research has linked higher cigarette taxes to reduced mortality from throat and lung cancer and other respiratory diseases, Chaloupka and two coauthors wrote earlier this year in the Annual Review of Public Health. Other studies have linked higher taxes to lower rates of hospitalization for heart failure and lessened severity of childhood asthma.
The Paradox of Choice May 16, 2022, 8:43 a.m.
The paradox of choice is a phenomenon where an abundance of options can counterintuitively lead to less happiness, less satisfaction, and hamper the ability to make a decision. 
Improve Consumer Attitudes Toward Your Brand May 9, 2022, 2:56 p.m.
Consumers use a variety of factors to inform their purchase decisions. One of the most all-encompassing models of purchase intention involves attitudes toward the brand and cultural norms as the biggest influencers over brand choice. This is called the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA) and it underpins much of the thinking about purchases from a marketing perspective. Later models expanded on this one by adding a more nuanced view of purchase intentions, for instance, the Theory of Planned Behavior. Below, you see an image depicting TRA. However, attitudes in this model refer to attitudes toward the behavior rather than attitudes toward the brand. Later models built on TRA included attitude toward the brand as a major factor impacting purchase intentions. And, that’s our topic for today; how attitudes toward the brand impact purchases and how to improve consumer attitudes toward the brand.
Free access to essential medicines increases patient adherence by 35%, reduces healthcare costs May 4, 2022, 7:50 a.m.
A group of researchers led by St. Michael's Hospital of Unity Health Toronto recruited a total of 786 patients across nine primary care sites in Ontario who reported cost-related non-adherence to medications. Most of the study participants were recruited from St. Michael's Department of Family and Community Medicine and others were recruited from three rural sites. Participants were randomized into two groups - half received free medications via mail, the other half had their usual access to medications.
How can we improve patient adherence to insulin? May 4, 2022, 7:48 a.m.
There are several factors to consider when determining if insulin is the right treatment option for a patient with type 2 diabetes. And once a patient is prescribed insulin therapy, it’s just as important to consider the factors that might lead to nonadherence. That’s why Dr. Charles Turck speaks with Dr. Javier Morales about those factors and how we can improve our patients’ adherence to their insulin regimens.
Simple tools can boost people's savings habits, new research finds May 4, 2022, 7:46 a.m.
Small interventions like altering application forms, using interactive calculators and using infographics can influence people to develop savings habits and to put money away for a rainy day, new research has suggested.
How Nudges Can Be Sinister April 3, 2022, 9:35 a.m.
Nudges are behavioral interventions that help us make better choices, like sticking to our diets. Sometimes, nudge theory is used in cunning ways to deter or slow down behavior change, resulting in sludges. Sludges emerge across contexts like cancelling subscriptions, filling out tedious forms, and the fine print. Designing sludges that harm consumers can often involve dark creativity.
Castles in the Air: How Digitally Enhanced Spaces Connect Us to the Promise of the Past April 3, 2022, 9:34 a.m.
Humanity has evolved in close connection to the spaces and landscapes we inhabit. The concept of "place" is an essential part of human experience. It's something our ancestors instinctively understood but which, in a screen-based world, is too easily forgotten.
The Global Nutrition Transition (Why Nutrition Matters) April 3, 2022, 9:32 a.m.
Today, we will take a close look at the emergence of what is often called the twin epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes. This twin epidemic has been taking place all over the world over the last 30-40 years, and it is still getting worse. We will examine the changes in diet that have occurred during this same time frame in several different affected populations. We will see some patterns emerge of specific changes in the diets of these populations that have almost certainly played a major role in the massive changes in body weights and metabolic health.